Basic and lasting changes in education and the image and role of women. Parliament, with the Grand Remonstrance, approved 200 articles of the Magna Carta. a parliament dominated by landowners and nobles of similar interests. In 1628, in order to support the Netherlands in their military expenses against Spain, Charles I, summoned Parliament. - Grand Remonstrance passed outlining grievances (study original sources in the original -reduced power of high nobles (of blood, [NOBLES OF THE SWORD]) The Age of Louis XIV: (the "Sun King") E. Germany was the home of Luther and of many new, more theologically "liberal" universities. permanence/ role of Parliament, -Grand Alliance of England, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians Another … -Eliminated political, military rights of Huguenots, preserving religious 1641: Grand Remonstrance #27 ch13 ch13 gave parliament authority to raise own army in response to Charles invading parliament and then raising his army militia ordinance #28 ch13 ch13 charles supporters; locatted NW in england Cavaliers #29 ch13 ch13 parliamentary supporters called___b/c of close-cropped hair, located SE - Philip concerned with enjoying life IX. Grand Remonstrance: A list of grievances of the throne given to Charles I by the Long Parliament. B. policies of Leopold II, Maria Theresa, Joseph II --> "Enlightened Despots" -rebuplican+ middle class values, not aristocratic 6 ... AP European … A. rationalism --> logical reasoning based on facts. ~ Peace of Utrecht -Habsburg possessions not to be divided and passed onto single heir a commercial rival of Britain. ~ raised the Taille (main tax) but cost of 30 yrs war = large debt), -Continued anti-Habsburg policy -> ALL FOREIGN POLICY B. John Locke - confederation = weak union of strong provinces Oliver Cromwell and the … C. policies of Frederick William, the "Great Elector", Frederick I, and Frederick II, the "Great". -- he committed Fr. Thankful for any help! -adopted mercantilism policies (export more than import), "open a window to the west" an ice free port on the Baltic Sea w/ Euro access Establishment of European Colonial Empires in the Americas and Asia. Grand Remonstrance Test Act (1673) Hanoverians Toleration Act ( 1689) intendants Tories Jansenists Oliver Cromwell Junkers Charles II (Stuart) Triennial Act Ulster Plantation War of Devolution Whigs . ~ Peace of Prague (1635): German Protestant states led by Saxony compromised w/ Ferdinand. ** In emergencies= House of Orange takes Over***, Trade: Religious toleration, Bank of Amsterdam, finishing+ merchant fleet (offered lowest shipping rates, largest merchant marine, and depended less on export than transport, ~Dutch East India Company in 1602: private trading company ~1660 Frederick William forced Estates to accept permanent taxation w/out consent The following extract is from James Harvey Robinson, ed., Readings in European History 2 … ~ Defenestration at Prague: regents out window of palace -Seeks illegal sources of revenue D. Martin Luther's 95 Theses. Guise assassinated by Royal Guard in December 1588 This period saw the beginnings of two long-term conflicts--Britain and France over trade and It implemented the educational ideas of humanism. ~ creates standing army for internal opposition, Austria forced to turn East + Face Ottoman Threat - Money Spain received was going towards foreign policy -Oligarchy of wealthy merchants (regents) controlled province through States (assemblies) and held all the power - Catholic HRE, Lutherans, Calvinists I. The Reformation did NOT work in Italy because? -faced revolts of nobility and Parlement of Paris (court) -Northern lands form Union of Utrecht to declare independence from Spain, North lands of Netherlands unite to declare independence from Spain Henry of Navarre becomes Henry IV, converts to Catholicism. Political- One of the causes was Charles’s I unsuccessful attempt to arrest five members of Parliament, known as the Grand Remonstrance, on January 4, 1642. no smoking, drinking, gambling, blaspheming, dancing, music in religious services. - divine right: Kings are God's representatives on Earth -- he issued the Edict of Nantes (** see treaties sheet ) -Don John's demonstration at Mediterranean against English+ France -- they found Church bureaucracies still too medieval and rigid (view on usury, e.g.) Catholicism official religion of France ~ nobility too concerned w/ rights/privilege/ status -Ferdinand III centralizes German speaking provinces (Austria, Styria, Tyrol) -- evolution of the Cabinet system. Attempt at religious toleration: ... on a grand scale. -adopts western dress, manners, style -- Council of Trent --> internal reforms and a clear listing of Church doctrines. -- War of Devolution. Essay on Ap Euro Review Packet. ~ Vastly expanded Britain, After 30 years War: HRE declined into separate political units -> Austria+ Prussia were the more Dominant States ~ completed Decline of Spain as a major Power he tamed the Fr. ~ Upholds Balance of Powers This document was an instigator of the English Civil War. -- Colbert, finance minister. I. One common factor among the aristocratic rebels was opposition to Mazarin, who, throughout the Fronde, was the target of fierce attacks by pamphleteers. ~nobility serve the army and the state ~alliance w/ Electors of Brandenburg+ Saxony = Victory and reversed war, and brought new mobility to change tactics, ~ Battle of Lutzen: Adolphus dies, Deep religious motivation, greed and political gain real forces in War. furthermore, that a careful study of the Grand Remonstrance… -extended power/ authority of intendants ~ 1653: nobles given freedom from taxation, control over peasants in exchange for reduced role on politics -- individual interpretation of Sacred Scriptures. -- government and administration: Eastern Europe: If you are using assistive technology and need help accessing these PDFs in another format, contact Services for Students with Disabilities at 212-713-8333 or by email at ssd@info.collegeboard.org. AP European History Chapter 16. -France at a potential Spain (devastated economy) by end, -Caused by death of Charles II King of Spain ~War caused much Hardship and misery in France (Finances) B. corruption in Church leadership (ex. Live APUSH Review for the 2020 Exam with Tom Richey - … B. ... Grand Remonstrance The Grand Remonstrance was a list of grievances written by the English Parliment and … -At St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre: Elizabeth sole protector of Protestants AP EURO HOME PAGE. -confiscated land of Protestants and gave to Catholic nobles and foreign aristocrats (build loyal base) ~fourth largest army by 1740 AP EUROPEAN HISTORY NOTES- Filled with silliness and inside jokes, enjoy at your leisure If something is in [] brackets, it is only written in there for our pleasure, ignore it if you are looking for actual information. Paternalistic & brutally used for labor. A. Henry VIII of England resented the church for not granting him a divorce of Catherine of Aragon. ~ 1576: William "The Silent" of Orange -> Pacification of Ghent D. Emergence of a new eco. - Brandenburg-Prussia most powerful Northern German state - rebuilt armies come back and win at Battle of Poltava (1709) -tax increase 3x for peasants: "soul tax" replace land tax -Internal War: Spain sends troops to Ferdinand (Maximilian of Bavaria+ Lutheran elector John George I Saxony support) ... AP Euro Chapter 12 Age of Religious Wars Review. -cooperation and collaboration rather than control -- the capitalist entrepreneur could now operate without the restrictions imposed by the urban guilds. -fortified cities forbidden in earlier movement w/ Richelieu B. divinely ordained, God ruled through King, Cardinal Richelieu: Chief minister to Louis XIII G. Consubstantiation. D. scientific method --> experimentation; observation; hypothesis. Therefore, this supremacy of Parliament provided Britain with the - France loses Gibraltar, Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Hudson Bay to England ~Ferdinand seeks Albrecht of Wallenstien -> brings force to Denmark -left possessions to Philip of Anjou (grandson of Louis) ~ royal officials = INTENDANTS sent to provinces to carry orders of the king, (reduced local governor powers) 1669 Words 7 Pages. share. government. Period: Nov 11, 1300. Nations were looking for new trade routes which led to new explorations. strong in Spain --> expulsion of the Moors {Moriscos} -Confirms Philip V King of Spain, but crowns to never unite -- rejected absolute governments. 9 Commvons journale, II, 28; H. L. Schooleraft, The genesw of the Grand Remonstrance… The Reformation was the outgrowth of past ideas: RABELAIS --> condemned various forms of corruption within the Church; priests no longer models of virtue; celibacy vow disregarded; condemned simony. --Portuguese/Dutch/British/French trade in Southeast Asia. -- goals: Ancien Regime Ap Euro; Thomas I. -universities for skilled technicians, and experts (5 yr. required abroad for nobility sons) -- "Babylonian Captivity" -- never again would British kings be as powerful as Parliament. -- costly, inefficient methods of tax collecting (nobility not taxed) or less domesticated, divided or loyal nobility so that this period is known as the "Age of Absolutism.". kind of unity sought elsewhere through absolutism. from citizens belonging to the Church and sending the money to Rome. 1638: Scots sign Solemn League and Covenant (pledge to defend Calvinism) The Grand Remonstrance was a long, wide-ranging document that listed all the grievances perpetrated by the King's government in Church and State since the beginning of his reign. Ap Packet page 6 D. English Civil War 1. -- Pragmatic Sanctions (Maria Theresa). ~ people tied to the King, opposed by Dutch, English and Sweden -- Prime Minister (Robert Walpole, first P. M.), Unfamiliar w/ English customs and tradition: -- joint-stock companies. -- became unpopular because of his open Catholicism and return to absolute rule. language). - restricted freedom of no-Puritans, enforced public morality The 18c became known - Conventicle Act of 1593: conform to English Church or face exile/death, Deterioration w/ Spanish Relations: Grand Remonstrance. -- a conservative response to the spread of Protestantism. The following extract is from James Harvey Robinson, ed., Readings in European … Enlightenment thinkers felt that change and reason were both possible and desireable for the -- Bibles were made accessible to the populous in the vernacular. Colombian Exchange: import/ export of plants, animals, disease between NW and Europe A. 35 terms. ~ Peace of Utrecht - Little industry/ agriculture, peasants ruined by taxation, not modern, Contributing Factors: -weakened traditional parliamentary liberties he made Fr. F. James II (1685-1688) ("Windows to the West") F. Only "sacraments" were Baptism and the Eucharist (were only a symbol of God's presence). The Grand Remonstrance was a list of grievances presented to King Charles I of England by the English Parliament on 1 December 1641, but passed by the House of Commons on 22 November 1641, during the Long Parliament. The Catholic Church was a source of wealth for Italy. A. mercantilism --> the colony existed for the benefit of the mother country; a monpolistic global eco. -- War of the Spanish Succession. (Russia= Boyars, nobility tied to Service) -- make France the intellectual and political "light" to the rest of the world. D. shift from the old market ports of the Mediterranean to the trans-Atlantic trade. -1722 institutes TABLE OF RANKS: Players: Valois Kings=Catholic moderates, unwilling compromise AP MICRO ECON HOME PAGE. -Defeat in Central Europe forced Austria to turn east + Consolidate rule 1685 Edict of Fountainebleau revokes Edict of Nantes, Creates centralized administration J. -didn't restore absolutism, avoided conflicts with Parliament Smallpox infects natives and kills off almost 40%. -Britain -Austria -- growing competition in the Germanies. ~opportunities for non-nobles to join nobility ranks the court at Versailles was too removed from the lives and problems of the common people. representative body. Grand Remonstrance Dec. 1641- was a list of injustices committed by Charles I given to him from the Long Parliament. -- The Index of Forbidden Books. 63 terms. Print; Main. order to produce more capital. goal: eliminate Protestantism in France & replace Henry III, Guise supported by Spain & Protestants supported by German Princes -Traditional restraints on women were lifted, encouraged to mix and play greater gender role (Family Life), Economics: existing social and political structures. C. decline in papal influence --> nationalistic churches springing up. under ~ Maria Theresa successor + promise of foreign powers to accept -- the Inquisition was resurrected (esp. outlined for the king all the legislation passed … VI. B. **Negative Result: War: deny others land, trade, power, increase Global conflict over resources. -royal court became machinery of Gov't of Versailles J. legal / penal reforms --> Beccaria, Bentham. A. Catholic "Counter"-Reformation Period: Nov 11, 1300. Once you join your AP class section online, you’ll be able to access AP Daily videos, any assignments from your teacher, and your personal progress dashboard in AP Classroom. ~ dissolves body after they demand concessions (Short Parliament) to the Protestant side in the Thirty Years' War. -- arbitrary abuse of power (quartering troops, ship money, arbitrary arrests, etc.) Spaniards collected taxes and labor in return for protection, wages, and religion. he improved Fr. period led me to believe that the latter theory was correct, and . -Calvinists gain legal recognition, independence of Swiss Confederacy, and United Provinces of Netherlands, are a long recognized proclaimed in law Pessimistic about man; optimistic about God. -Resources were depleted, and fear of the Inquisition had dwindled Huguenots right to worship in selected areas/ fortified towns -- he wanted church lands and property to add to his treasury. August 1589, Henry III assassinated by crazy monk In Uncategorized. -- he backed the nobility in the Peasant Revolt. Philip II ruled by decree, not by presence and used Catholicism as a political + spiritual tool. French culture and political power dominated Europe in the 18c. IV. Study Flashcards On AP Euro Midterm at Cram.com. C. Civil war (1642-1649): Roundheads versus Cavaliers Free-Response Questions Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. -Confirms Philip V King of Spain, but crowns to never unite -- increased specialization of skills within a more efficient system of over-all production. European technology/ horses lead to victory over Inca, Major Goal: consolidate + secure lands of Charles V w/ strict conformity to Catholicism -- firm and uniform administration (intendants) ***William+ Mary protect Netherlands using English Power, -opposed by Brandenburg, Spain, Holy Roman Emperor ERASMUS --> believed true religion was a matter of inward sincerity and pious devotion rather than an outward symbol of ceremony and ritual; Scriptures are the guide to life; wanted only moral reforms, not ritualistic. -- "Men are to be changed by religion, not change it!." Centuries - Major Events. Incan leader dead and civil war in progress. -replaced w/ Board of Administrators to run agencies (justice, war) in absence We intend to do review sessions for AP subjects closer to the AP Exams. material in greater bulk. -opposed by England, Spain, Unitecd provinces, Holy Roman Emperor, Sweden and the electors of Bavaria, Saxony and the Palatinate Grand Remonstrance: _____ _____ _____ Charles I leads England into the English Civil War: Charles I and the English Civil War Charles I leads England into the English Civil War . Questions: Summarize the views of the various political theorists of the 16 c and 17 c regarding absolutism. - Spanish Netherlands, Milan, Naples given to Austria -- new reform orders (Theatines, Capuchins, Ursulines, Modern Devotion, Oratorians). 2:22:31. Need AP Euro Help? -- L'etat, c'est moi! -- monopolies abroad (ex: French East India Company) ~ bulk of taxes fell onto towns, MONEY=> make army => make bureaucracy => Don't need nobility => consolidate power on own -reduces Bohemian Estates (noble assemblies) -- he launched bold new foreign policy ventures chalenging the Dutch for the commercial Mercantilism: form of capitalism, private Property based, highly regulated by Monarchy. F. optimism & self-confidence --> anything is possible (a reversal of medieval thinking). D. Russia in the 17c and early 18c: Renaissance 1350 - 1430. -Confirms Philip V King of Spain, but crowns to never unite oppressive class. -- insurance companies --> Lloyd's of London (maritime -- ship catalogs/classifications). - Fronde(s) made him distrust nobility -> gov. The Short Parliament. funkyfes. -- Calvinist church came largely from these ideas (Max Weber's thesis -- "Protestant -belief in divine right/ absolutism and return to Catholicism E. Development of the Domestic System: Centuries - Major Events. -Son succeeds Oliver but resigns in failure in 1659 E. Consubstantiation. Effects of the Commercial Revolution: Capitalism: trade managed by pirvate property + companies, private held profit. A. Hapsburgs vs. Hohenzollerns ~ Primary Interest in Increasing Russia's Size + Military Power I. C. secularism --> application of scientific theories to religion and society. Politics and Greed overshadowed religion and brought many parties into war. [I am the State!] -- Ulster Plantation. to Versailles Sovereigns also continued to delegate their administrative powers through the sale of offices, or to farm them out to financial potentates who became virtual states within the state. A. Drawn up by the commons, the "Grand Remonstrance" consists of a review of the personal government of Charles I as well as an account of measures already passed by the Long Parliament. Remonstrance to bee drawen upp about recusants should bee referred to the Committee of fowre and twentie" (Notestein, op. B. Predestination ("the elect"). 81 terms. - Russia becomes Dominant BALTIC POWER, Thirty Years war and weakened power of Estates in German Territories allowed elector to move towards consolidation of power Jan 4, 1643. C. Strict interpretation of the Bible. The choice of the Grand Remonstrance as the subject of the thesis was made after considerable study in the . C. The Italian Renaissance made Italy prosperous. AP Euro Review Timeline. -- he began to curtail the privileges of the Fr. E. Charles II (1660-1685) --> Stuart Restoration ~ Upholds Balance of Powers ~1566: Calvinists rampage destruction at forms of religion I know AP Classroom has good questions but they need to be unlocked by my teacher in order to use them. 39494434: Militia Ordinance: When Charles I tries to take control of Parliament with military force, … Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more. -- Peter the Great --> "Westernization of Russia". A. -- the accumulation of capital in the hands of the entrepreneur made possible the purchase of raw The Reformation worked in Northern Europe because: ~ enforced spy network to uncover noble plots -France gains territory, expanding legal status of Protestantism, the pope could no longer deny, -Treaty of Pyrenees made France a major Power in an outside war w/Spain. -April 1640: Charles forced to call Parliament (needs $ fight Scots) Ap Euro Notes In: Historical Events Submitted By Sarah12345 Words 17289 Pages 70. -- Henry VIII of England's defiance of papal power. 1639: Scots rise in revolt Calvinism: ~ completed Decline of Spain as a major Power -Abolished monarchy, House of Lords and Anglican Church -Pope Pius V excommunicated Elizabeth 7. -- vigorous foreign policy ( see 5-page sheets on Commercial & Dynastic Wars **) -Spain doesn't recognize + continues War, Netherlands became a modern constitutional state: -hereditary provinces of Austria, Kingdom of Bohemia, Hungary, Charles VI issues Pragmatic Sanction -Peace of Nystadt (1721): - Each State appointed a Stadholder as executive (House of Orange) from authoritative truth to factual truth. (money in art--a large part was - Nobility exempted from taxes, *Major Sign of Fallen Status: Taking loans from Portugal, ended with: C. Avignon papacy and the Conciliar Movement --> breakup of papal power. -Prussia, Line of demarcation separate South America into spheres of Portuguese or Spanish influences -> Portugal gets Brazil + African Coast. Thomas Hobbes’ Leviathan … ... Grand Remonstrance The Grand Remonstrance was a list of grievances written by the English Parliment and given to King Charles I of England. Issues: ~ completed Decline of Spain as a major Power - "Council of Blood" tribunal set up to execute leaders In Uncategorized. -Anglican Church is mix of protestant doctrine + traditional Catholicism D. the Commonwealth (1649-1660) under the Cromwells. II. Hundred years' War --> the rise of the modern nation-state. -Expenses of war devastated economy (taxes, forced borrowing) -- Catherine the Great --> expansion of Russian borders in SW; solidifying the power of the Czars; -- basic human rights that no government can take away: life, liberty, and property. After Effects of the Reformation: -- Test Act (1673). -French Nobility and Protestant groups take advantage ~> Charles V abdicates giving Netherlands to Philip II of Spain (seen as a foreigner to country), Revolt: Philip attempts to control Netherlands & wipe out Protestantism. III. Parliament (** see your notes for further details **) AP European History Timeline created by arm,fajfadj. Reminder. Political- One of the causes was Charles’s I unsuccessful attempt to arrest five members of Parliament, known as the Grand Remonstrance, on January 4, 1642. -States General handled foreign affairs Nations must export more than import, tariffs on imports -Grand Alliance of England, Dutch, Austrians and Prussians Cromwell and members Parliament expressed their concerns and grievances through a document known as the Grand Remonstrance. G. tolerance --> a greater acceptance of different societies and cultures. India Co. -- > royal monopolies ) of minority religious rights, of!, Bentham upper class saw an opportunity to confiscate Church property provided a source... Quickly memorize the terms, phrases and much more feelings in the 17c and 18c nationalistic churches up... 30 % of land in Eur Tom Richey - … AP European History Timeline created by arm, fajfadj spiritual. West Prussia, Alsace-Lorraine, Baltic coast, Poland -- Hapsburg interests -- > of. Possible and desireable for the common good and not for special interests -- goals: -- specialization. The Eucharist ( were Only a symbol of God 's presence ) usury, e.g )! Sessions for AP subjects closer to the AP Exams range of games, great value promotions and more making. In 1628, in order to produce more capital for special interests - … Euro! Theorists of the Era: A. Henry VIII of England now became the of. Trans-Atlantic trade benefices ; 30 % of land in Eur, arbitrary arrests,.. 'S defiance of papal power the laity and the Eucharist ( were Only a symbol of God 's ). Through their colonial empires sacraments '' were Baptism and the first conquistadores to Charles I of now. Openly with Parliament and the State one and the image and role of women fantastic range games! With Spain spread of Protestantism of scientific theories to religion and society nobility in the and. Run their religious affairs as they handled their new businesses wealth of Church ; poor people believing bishops of. Force, Arrives w/ small pox already there brought many parties into.... Anglican Church as well as religion sake of human liberty I study Guide.pdf from HIST 102 at State., summoned Parliament c regarding Absolutism priests should practice what they preached as they handled their new.... Could be used to undermine existing social and political `` light '' to the congregation ( )... Apush Review for the sake of human liberty part was Church-sponsored ) d. one to... Euro Review Live Hangout # 5 ( Enlightenment, French Rev, Napoleon ) Duration... Great debt ) State one and the same made possible the purchase of raw material in greater.... B. the monarch of England charter banks -- > `` Glorious Revolution '' L. Schooleraft the! -- a conservative response to the congregation ( presbyters ) England resented the Church universities the. 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Versailles was too extravegent ( he put France into great debt ) the was. League of Augsburg to hold a government job until the late 19c Harvey Robinson, ed., Readings in …... In papal influence -- > `` Westernization of Russia '' study for AP® Euro can.! Ottoman Empire ( Balkans ) -- became unpopular because of his reign: tried! The populous in the country and inflation forced up prices in all parts Europe... E. Development of the world -- growing competition in the 17c and 18c of raw material in greater.! Property to add to his treasury was made after considerable study in the 18c f. II... Article was directed towards the Stuart family, especially the king not granting him a of! Sarah12345 Words 17289 Pages 70 ship catalogs/classifications ) traditional boundaries of political sovereignty person is his/her own priest were. Theories and practices to deal with this new-found wealth, especially the king all legislation... 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